你所不知道的托福独立写作结构要求(系列1)

2018-09-13来源:英度教育
很多同学在准备托福写作的时候都会特别专注模板,极其关注所谓的高级词,高级句,但是分数却不理想,为什么呢?让我们真的仔细看看官方指南吧,这个页号非常重要,记住是托福官方指南第四版211页的范文。

很多同学在准备托福写作的时候都会特别专注模板,极其关注所谓的高级词,高级句,但是分数却不理想,为什么呢?让我们真的仔细看看官方指南吧,这个页号非常重要,记住是托福官方指南第四版211页的范文。这个范文取得了很高的成绩,为什么?有哪些要求,这是今天文章的主题。可以这么说,在过去的教学中只要按照这个结构都有好成绩,当然,前提是词汇和语法使用得基本正确。 



DISHONESTY KILLS RELIABILITY


There are certain considerations or factors that everyone takes into account in a relationship. People may look for honesty, altruism, understanding, loyalty, being thoughtful etc! Everyone would more or less wish that the person s/he is dealing with, has some of these virtues above. Putting them in an order according to their importance, however can be very subjective and relative. (首段为背景描述段落,展开题目中的最大概念与小概念之间的关系)


When someone asks him/herself the question “What do I consider to be the most important thing in my relationship?” the answer depends on a lot of factors such as how his/her earlier relationships were. (这种模板段落并不必要,但加入时尽量不要放在首段,给人千篇一律的感觉)


After stating that everyone’s opinion can be different about this, for me honesty, in other words, always telling the truth is the most important consideration in a relationship. Opposite of this is inarguably lying and if someone needs to lie, either s/he is hiding something or is afraid of telling me something. (观点段,给出明确的观点,并且简单一句话解释,常用的办法就是否则怎样…)


In any relationship of mine, I would wish that first of all, the person I’m dealing with is honest. Even though s/he thinks that s/he did something wrong that I wouldn’t like, s/he’d better tell me the truth and not lie about it. Later on if I find out about a lie or hear the truth from someone else, that’d be much more unpleasant. In that case how can I ever believe or trust that person again? How can I ever believe that this person has enough confidence in me to forgive him/her and carry on with the relationship from there. So if I cannot trust a person anymore, if the person doesn’t think I can handle the truth, there’s no point to continuing that relationship. (主题段落:主题句+解释)


Although I would like to see altruistic, understanding, thoughtful and loyal behavior from people, an instance of the opposite of these behaviors would not upset me as much as dishonesty would. Among all the possible behaviors, dishonesty is the only one for me that terminates how I feel about a person’s reliability. Therefore, honesty would be my first concern and the most important consideration in a relationship. (收尾段:让步内容+托出自己观点+因果强调自己观点)346


尽管只有短短的346个单词,但是符合了一个重要的结构性标准就是ETS所要求的文章架构。


那么,问题来了,文章架构在哪里呢?


很简单,答案是官方指南的610页。 


图片1.jpg


在官方指南的610页里我们不难发现,原来首段是要写好介绍段落的,而同学们在自己的作文中更多的是在第一段里写很多的模板,这是不符合官方的要求的,那么问题来了,我们如何写好介绍性段落呢?


让我们看看以下的表述,今天我们谈谈背景描述,也就是说,我们要清楚的知道上下文的结构是什么样子

A Recipe for Writing an Introduction


Background About the Topic


 Since the beginning of time, there have been teachers. The "classroom “teacher 


has many important tasks to do. A teacher has to teach information while keeping things interesting. She also sometimes has to be a referee, a coach, and a secretary. At times, a teacher has to be a nurse or just a good listener. This career demands a lot, but it's a career most want to have.

从这个官方的例子里面,我们了解到,只要按照时间结构先写,写到关于教师的职能,和学生的互动关系即可。大家特别注意的是全文中没有特别的大词,但是可以取得高分。


后面的文章中会描述到更多讨巧的官方文章写法,大家关注。 

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